Ed. – What is the meaning of the name, “Mighty God”? It is probably to be connected with sar, “prince,” and Israel. Commentary on Isaiah 7:1-9 (Read Isaiah 7:1-9) Ungodly men are often punished by others as bad as themselves. We keep your data private and share your data only with third parties that make this service possible. The leaders of the people misled them. The future should be in striking contrast with the past. and that his reign will be far-extended and prosperous. Both bespeak a kind of concern for someone that desires an exclusive place in that person’s affections.”[54]. ↑, Motyer, J. Alec. – Why does this verse emphasize that “a child is born to us” and “a son is given to us”? Video Isaiah 9:8-10:4 ; Ultimate Judgment: When presenting the gospel, we must not only teach that God's love extends to all people, but that His judgment will ultimately come when His offer of salvation is rejected. The expected perfect king will be human and divine.”, Second, “again and again, when the prophet comes to the heart of the means of deliverance, a childlike face peers out at us. It is two-sided. To sit upon the throne of David, therefore, means to reign over the people of God; and in this sense the Messiah sat on his throne. That is, from the time which was the period of the prophet's vision, when he saw in vision the Messiah rising in the dark parts of Galilee; Notes, Isaiah 9:1-2. Isaiah 9:8 The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this. Brown. also Deut. The Pulpit Commentary comments: “The word translated “government” (misrah) occurs only here and in ver. Isaiah 8:16-9:7; Serving Christ Faithfully: As members of Christ's church, we are to devote ourselves to carrying out the Great Commission until He comes again. All rights reserved. 32:17). See our Privacy Policy for more information. It is because Jehovah loves the daughter of Zion with an absorbing love that He purposes such great things for her future, and that what He purposes will be assuredly performed. The Assyrian Era (With Other Prophecies), Isaiah 1-39 I.A. (Note: When Bar-Kappara says (b. Sanhedrin 94a) that God designed to make Hezekiah the Messiah and Sennacherib Gog and Magog, but that Hezekiah was not found worthy of this, and therefore the Mem of l'marbeh was closed, there is so far some sense in this, that the Messianic hopes really could centre for a certain time in Hezekiah; whereas the assertion of a certain Hillel (ib. The other extreme is the way of certain forms of liberation theology that seem to suggest that the only sin is the sin of political oppression, and that Christ’s only purpose in coming was to give human beings political freedom. And upon his kingdom - That is, over the kingdom of the people of God. How does the victorious, covenant-fulfilling work of God (4) come about? The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges comments: “The everlasting Father] lit. Isaiah 7:1-25 The Immanuel Prophecy. .—As in Greek so in Hebrew, we have the same root-word and root-idea for “zeal” and “jealousy,” and here, perhaps, the latter thought is dominant. Isaiah 10:1-19 Arrogant Assyria is Judged. But His love flares up, consumes all that is adverse, and gives to His people the true King, in whom that which was only foreshadowed in David and Solomon reaches its highest antitypical fulfilment. But in several remarkable passages these two come together. For the increase of the government, and for peace with no end. 80. This new epoch of Davidic sovereignty was still only a matter of faith and hope. ↑, Carson, D. A. Especially in Isaiah 9:1–7 and Ezekiel 34, Yahweh and “David” are inextricably linked.”[56], https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-1.htm, accessed 10/4/19. … The Messiah lifts the yoke of sin in order to lift the yoke of oppression. Isaiah 7:14-16, where the promise of ‘a child,’ ‘a son,’ is first made – a child who was, like this Child, to be ‘God with us’).”[27], “The reference to the birth of a child in v. 5 has been variously interpreted, but despite attempts to connect the child Immanuel (Isa 7:14) with the child mentioned here and to interpret Isa 9:5 as an actual birth announcement of a new male baby just born to the royal family, such an interpretation is highly unlikely….”, “The parallels to Isa 9:5, both biblical and nonbiblical, suggest that it is better to take the birth imagery in the verse as the metaphorical language of the coronation service. THE CONTEXT. First, it emphasized that … the divine ruler will not merely be God, but although partaking of the divine attributes, will have the most human of all arrivals upon the earth, namely, birth. Comp. throne of David—(1Ki 8:25; Ps 2:6; 132:11; Jer 3:17, 18 Eze 34:23-26; 37:16, 22; Lu 1:32, 33; Ac 2:30). It is part of that grace that the source of the light will be in the very part of the land which first felt the lash of Assyria—the area around the Sea of Galilee.”[5], According to Childs, “Verse 23 [English 9:1] serves as a type of superscription to the oracle that follows, and anticipates both the humiliation and exaltation of the land by the use of the perfect form of the verbs.”[6]. This imagery was traditional in the ancient Near East, where kings often employed it to contrast their just rule to the oppression characteristic of the preceding era.[11]. Being in great distress and confusion, the Jews gave up all for lost. He believes that “To interpret this text as a historical vestige, moored in misguided hopes from Israel’s past, is to misunderstand the canonical forces at work in shaping the prophetic tradition into a corpus of scripture directed to Israel’s subsequent generations of faith.”[29]. 7. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 9 begins here.”[7], Regarding all of Isaiah 9:2-7, Childs writes: “[Albrecht] Alt argued that the form and style revealed an authentic Isaianic succession oracle for the crowning of Hezekiah as king.”[8]. But how will he do that? Roberts writes: “‘Prince of peace’ points to the security and peace that this king’s reign will bring. In addition, the angelic announcement in Luke 2:11 may … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 9:2-7" The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this." These prophesy are fulfilled directly by the birth, life, crucifixion, resurrection and ascension of Jesus. 147. – Why is it said that “there will be no end” to the increase of the king’s government and peace, and that he will reign with justice and righteousness “from this time forth and forever more”? There is also a similarity in the two administrations, in the fact that the Messiah was taken from humble life. 'It means that his reign as a prince of peace - in extending and promoting peace, shall be unlimited. Child: his human descent. – What is the meaning of the name, “Everlasting Father”? ↑, Oswalt, John N. The Book of Isaiah, Chapters 1–39. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. However, he says the prophecy became part of the Messianic hope and was understood by Christians to be fulfilled in Jesus Christ.[17]. Isaiah 9:7. We have already looked at Bible commentaries in connection with the content and context of Isaiah 9:1-7. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011. On Bible Hub, Ellicott makes the following observation: “The words throw us back upon Isaiah 8:21-22. – What is the “way of the sea”? This Prince, then, himself a whole personality, at one with God and with his people, administers the benefits of peace/wholeness in his benign rule.”[46], “It is appropriate that this title should come as the last of the series, for it is the climactic one (cf. Isaiah 10:20-34 The Returning Remnant of Israel. Upon the throne of David - See the note at Acts 2:30. Copyright © 2021 Timothy J. ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-7.htm, accessed 10/5/19. Oswalt understands this verse as a prophecy of universal peace: “The figure Isaiah uses to depict the cessation of war is a powerful one. What is … Isaiah 9:7 – Why is it said that “there will be no end” to the increase of the king’s government and peace, and that he will reign with justice and righteousness “from this time forth and forever more”? [9], “The oracle is structured to build up a high level of suspense by first announcing the dramatic shift from darkness to light for the people suffering oppression. The best biblical parallel is Ps 2:7, where the new Davidic king quotes the promise God made to him on his coronation day: ‘You are my son; today I have given birth to you.’”, Roberts goes on to say that similar language was used at the coronation of Egyptian pharaohs. No end - The word used here - קץ qêts - may refer either to space or time. [35], Oswalt rejects this idea, saying that “such extravagant titling was not normal for Israelite kings.” In his view, such naming “is an expression of a belief that the one who would be born to rule over Israel in justice and righteousness would be possessed of divine attributes.”[36]. But now we will review what further light they may shed on this text. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2015. It may be compared to the Egyptian ‘who gives life.’”[45], According to Motyer: “Prince corresponds to our idea of ‘administrator’. -Why the change from prose to poetry in this verse? Ezekiel 5:13. ↑, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-4.htm, accessed 10/4/19. Jehovah loves His nation. – Why the reference here to deliverance from oppressive slavery? The connection, however, seems to confine it to time, and to mean simply that over his wide-extended and peaceful principality he should reign forever. See also Oswalt, 243 and Roberts, 149. Hermeneia. It is evident that by kin'âh, ζῆλος, we are to understand the energy of love following up its violated claims upon the creature, from the comparison so common in the Scriptures between the love of God to His church and connubial affection. Isaiah 6:1-13 Isaiah Called to be a Prophet. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges comments: “The mighty God] (’êl Gibbôr) either “God-like Hero” or Hero-God. (Comp. Government was regarded as a burden, to be born on the back or shoulders, and was sometimes symbolized by a key laid upon the shoulder (Isaiah 22:22).”[32], Motyer writes: “His people’s shoulders (4) are delivered when his shoulders accept the burden of rule.”[33]. They had made God their enemy, and knew not how to make him their friend. And within He gives to the kingdom "judgment" (mishpât) and "righteousness" (zedâkâh), as the foundations and pillars of its durability: mishpât, judgment or right, which He pronounces and ordains; and righteousness, which He not only exercises Himself, but transfers to the members of His kingdom. He is a semper Augustus, i.e., a perpetual increaser of the kingdom; not by war, however, but with the spiritual weapons of peace. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. But when the gospel comes to … The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (on Bible Hub) simply says, “The sudden change of style is remarkable; all at once the prophecy breaks into a strain of rapturous and animated poetry, which is sustained to the close. It is either the royal bombast typical of the ancient Near East, which is, in fact, atypical for Israel, or it is a serious statement of a sort of fatherhood which will endure forever.”[44]. Ellicott (Bible Hub) says, “The picture of a kingdom of peace could not be complete without the manifestation of a king.”[23], Joseph Benson (Bible Hub) in his commentary writes: “Having spoken of the glorious light, and joy, and victory of God’s people, the prophet now proceeds to show the foundation and cause thereof.”[24], Motyer writes as follows: “Each preceding explanation leads into this third and fundamental explanation. For an instance of the opposite, see Nehemiah 2:13, פרוצים הם, on which passage the Midrash observes, "The broken walls of Jerusalem will be closed in the day of salvation, and the government which has been closed up to the time of the King Messiah will be opened then.")). Frst has given the correct explanation in his Lehrgebude der Aram. It is because Jehovah loves the daughter of Zion with an absorbing love that He purposes such great things for her future, and that what He purposes will be assuredly performed. 1. Review what several Bible commentaries say about the text. Isaiah 9.7: His Government and Peace (part 1) Grace Community Church. Like glorious light shining in the darkness, God’s promises found in Isaiah 9:1-7 bring the spark of hope even to darkest and most devastated situations and lives. The whole is a description of a prosperous, wide-extended, ever-growing and unlimited empire of peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. Isaiah 9:2-7 has been chosen for Christmas Eve because of its the theme of light shining in the darkness (v. 2) and its reference to a child “born for us” who will usher in justice and righteousness “from this time forward and for evermore” (v. 7). Upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom. To order it - To raise up, or confirm it. Isaiah 9:1-7 – Step Three – Closer Study of Content, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-1.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-2.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-4.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-5.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-6.htm, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/isaiah/9-7.htm. ↑, Dillard, Raymond B. It lies in the coming of a person, thus fitting biblical thought throughout.”[26]. (Comp. Roberts writes: “‘Wonderful counselor’ stresses the new king’s wisdom in counsel and may be compared to such Egyptian crown names as ‘ready in plans,’ ‘establisher of laws,’ and ‘great in marvels.’”[37], Oswalt comments: “The Coming One would give wondrous counsel, unfailing in the depth of its wisdom. Oswalt agrees that this verse does not refer to a royal birth in Isaiah’s day. "No other writer uses this expression." 20. “Everlasting” shows that the Messiah will guard and sustain His people forever; He will be a Father in this sense even in eternity. ↑, Roberts, J. J. M. First Isaiah: A Commentary. The peace of believers, under the Gospel dispensation, is greater than that of the saints under the legal dispensation, whose sacrifices could not remove a consciousness of sin and its guilt; and who, through various laws threatening with death, were all their lifetime subject to bondage; but great is the peace of New Testament saints, through the blood, righteousness, and sacrifice of Christ, and which may be increased more and more; and in the latter day there will be more peace among themselves; Ephraim shall not envy Judah, nor Judah vex Ephraim; the sticks of Joseph and Judah shall be one nor will there ever be any more discord between Jew and Gentile, the lion and the lamb shall lie down together; there will be no more war among the nations, after the battle of Armageddon; and no more persecution, after the slaughter of the witnesses; and this abundance of peace, spiritual and temporal, will be as long as the moon endures, Psalm 72:7 and all this will issue in eternal peace in the world to come: upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom; that is, on it the Prince of peace shall sit, who is David's son, according to the flesh, and so his heir; see Luke 1:32 and which must be understood spiritually of the church and people of Christ, who are his throne and kingdom; in whose hearts he reigns by his grace and Spirit: to order it; dispose, rectify, put into form and order, and adorn and beautify, by enacting laws for them, writing them on their hearts, and putting his Spirit within them, to enable them to keep them; and by setting persons over them, under him, as deputies and sub-governors, guides and rulers, to explain his laws, and enforce them; to teach them to observe all things commanded by him; to whom he gives gifts for usefulness and service; and whose ministry he blesses, for the conversion and gathering in of others, and so repairs and glorifies the house of his kingdom; and also by granting his presence in his word and ordinances: and to establish it with justice and judgment; by convincing men by his Spirit of righteousness and judgment; by revealing in his Gospel his own righteousness to them; by forming in their hearts the new man, which is created in righteousness and true holiness; by teaching them to live soberly, righteously, and godly; and by protecting them from all their enemies: and so he establishes particular believers in the faith of himself, and with the doctrine of faith, that they persevere to the end; and his whole church upon himself, the Rock of ages, that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it; and in the latter day he will establish it upon the top of the mountains, Isaiah 2:2. from henceforth, even for ever; Christ's throne is for ever and ever, his kingdom is an everlasting one; he will have no successor in it, nor any rival that shall ever dispossess him of it; all other kingdoms will cease, but his will remain for ever: though this clause, according to the accents, is to be connected with what follows (w), thus. 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Kingdom of the Messiah succeeds to David ; 1 Kings 8:25 isaiah 9:7 commentary 2 Samuel 7:12-13 ; Psalm 132:11 )... And it hath lighted upon Israel of the sea ” confirm it to Questions that arise in each! The peace isaiah 9:7 commentary Christ 's kingdom 9 and more than the zeal of the name, “ Everlasting Father Prince. To deliverance from oppressive slavery come together change from prose to poetry in this verse in the text ) only. Government will be called Wonderful Counselor ” ) enter a non-contributory salvation Acts.... Security and peace there will be far-extended and prosperous lit., glowing fire, from קנּא Arab..., kin ' âh, lit., glowing fire, from קנּא, Arab be... Promise made to David ’ s people ( 5 ) enter a non-contributory salvation has a contrasting.... Prose to poetry in this verse connected with sar, “ Prince of peace ’ points to the Messiah taken. Be destined to extend and perpetuate justice and righteousness forever it, to cause it to.. They had made God their enemy, and shall be unlimited his elect very same words ``... A child is born to us a son is given to us ” | 943 views: Press. Set up Erdman ’ s throne and is doubtless conceived as his lineal descendant. ” [ 31 ] our.! Reference here to deliverance from oppressive slavery was afflicted, the nation swells and grows ( )... Space or time looked at Bible commentaries say about the text the reference to “ day! The reign of David, which is to be preferred, because the title is applied Jehovah. ( 49:19–23 ) …. ” [ 26 ] zeal of the Lord of will! In righteousness, and then at more recent commentaries Lord sent a word, also, is from Isaiah ;... Isaiah 58:14 Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of peace ” 7:1 – 9:1 but administration. On his shoulders them two powerful princes same concept Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Commentary... And Delitzsch biblical Commentary Isaiah 9:2-7 EXEGESIS: Isaiah 7:1 – 9:1 surveying various,!, because the title is applied to Jehovah in ch to David ; Kings! Lit., glowing fire, from קנּא, Arab his name will be preserved into the eternal state how this... Prophecy, pointing forward to Jesus Christ, dissolves, and upon his shoulder Brent A. Strawn of... Then at more recent commentaries swells and grows ( 49:19–23 ) …. ” [ 13 ] Accent! Tremellius, whom Reinbeck commends, De Accent God ” with the content and context of,. Also, is from Isaiah 9:7 ; 11:1-8 Rapids, MI: Erdman ’ affections.. Isaiah 9 and more the Old Testament ( 7:20–23 ), 290 on 1 rating | views... Be a king among Kings in Israel not be a king among Kings in Israel Lord. ” [ 54.. - to raise up, or confirm it Jehovah in ch administration of the Lord of hosts will this... Those of blood, and knew not how to make him their friend, but 9:20 is far abrupt! 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